Anticipating just a few of the therapies that might be mentioned by the Cleveland NPR station in their Wednesday story, sickle cell anemia should be at the top of the list. In many cases now, cord blood stem cell transplant is considered a "cure", or the next thing to it.

Cord blood, along with bone marrow adult stem cells, was also recently used at the University of Minnesota to treat epidermolysis bullosa, a nasty fatal condition where the skin and linings of the digestive system and lungs are extremely sensitive and tear easily.

Cord blood stem cells have also been proposed for treatment of cerebral palsy and other neurological conditions. Dr. Joanne Kurtzberg of Duke University has pioneered many of these treatments for children, including for cerebral palsy.